Allolobophora chlorotica (Savigny, 1826)

Description - External - Body length 30 -70 mm, diameter 2-4 mm, 60 -140 segments. Colour greenish, sometimes brown or yellow. Head epilobous, first dorsal pore 4/5. Glandular tumescence usually on 10 cd. Setae closely paired, setal arrangement after the clitellum: aa:ab:bc:cd:dd=xxxx. Clitellum extends on segments 29(30)-37 saddle-shaped. Tubercula pubertatis sucker-shaped discs on 31, 33, 35 but variable extra numbers not uncommon. Male pore on 15, great, with large glandular papillae protruding into the neighbouring segments.

Internal - Dissepiments 6/7-13/14 slightly tickened. Crop in 15-16, gizzards in 17-18. Two pairs of testes free in 10 , 11, and four pairs of seminal vesicles in 9-12. Spermathecae three pairs in 8/9, 9/10 , 10 /11 open in the setal line cd. Calciferous glands in 10 -12 with lateral pouches in 10 . Excretory system holonephridial. Nephridial bladders "U" shaped, with ahead oriented ental part. Cross section of longitudinal muscles are of fasciculated type.

Distribution - A. chlorotica is a typical synanthrop species. It could be found in pastures, gardens and forest as well. It has almost no strong preferences for soil type, but usually they are more abundant in moist, highly organic soils. According to the Bouche's ecological characterisation A. chlorotica belongs to the endogeic group, living and feeding in the mineral soil layer. A. chlorotica native in the Palearctis but widely introduced extratropically by men. Its present range covers Europe, North America, South America, Africa, and New Zealand.